Penguin Adaptations Diagram   Download PDF version

 

Animals evolve special adaptations to be successful in their habitat. Many animals have parallel adaptations but are not taxonomically related. If you looked at a picture of a whale, a shark and a camel you might think the whale is more closely related to the shark than the whale. However, scientists have classified the camel and the whale as mammals, and the shark as a fish, two totally different groups.

Penguins are uniquely adapted to the harsh environment they live in and have evolved many unique characteristics. Although birds, they can not fly. Although air breathers, they can swim as well as many fish. When scientists classify animals, they group them with other animals who have similar characteristics. Penguins, seals and sea gulls are three animals adapted to life in the oceans. Below is a table of adaptations these three animals have evolved to be successful in that habitat. Use the Venn diagram to show how these animals are similar and different.


 

penguin

seal

gull

body covering

feathers

fur

feathers

mode of transportaion

swim

swim

fly

main food type

krill (meat)

fish (meat)

fish (meat)

food source

ocean

ocean

ocean

young

egg

alive

egg

body form

fusiform

fusiform

bulky

mouth

beak

teeth

beak

feet

webbed

webbed

webbed

bones

dense

dense

light

front limbs

fused flippers

flippers

wings